London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom] Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium London’s ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries and in 2011 had a resident population of 7,375, making it the smallest city in England. Since at least the 19th century, the term London has also referred to the metropolis developed around this core.The bulk of this conurbation forms Greater London, a region of England governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. The conurbation also covers two English counties: the small district of the City of London and the county of Greater London. The latter constitutes the vast majority of London,though historically it was split between Middlesex (a now abolished county), Essex, Surrey, Kent and Hertfordshire.
London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transport all contributing to its prominence. It is one of the world’s leading financial centres[ and has the fifth-or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world depending on measurement.London is a world cultural capital. It is the world’s most-visited city as measured by international arrivalsand has the world’s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic. London is the world’s leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London’s 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe, and a 2014 report placed it first in the world university rankings. According to the report London also ranks first in the world in software, multimedia development and design, and shares first position in technology readiness. In 2012, London became the first city to host the modern Summer Olympic Games three times.
London 1666 –
london 400 years ago awas totaly different .
Houses were built from wood not from bricks.
There were many problems in London .
one problem was rats . Rats spread disease that killed thousands of people.
The great fire of London 1666
It started in Pudding Lane
Most of the city of London was burnt.
People left thier homes. All the rats died .
Nearly all of the city had been destroyed.
After the fire a new city was built from bricks and stones .
The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, known as the Big Ben, is one of London’s most famous landmarks. At the time the tower was built in 1858 its clock was the largest in the world
London’s Tower Bridge is one of the most recognizable bridges in the world. Despite being disliked by many when it was built in 1894 the bridge soon became one of the London’s most famous landmarks.
The London Eye is a giant observation wheel in the center of London. Since its opening in 2000 the 30-minute ‘flight’ has been offering visitors great panoramic views over London
The largest square in London is named after the Battle of Trafalgar where the English fleet defeated the French. The column at the center of the square honors Admiral Nelson who was fatally wounded during the battle
The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the two parliamentary houses of the United Kingdom, was built in 1870. The enormous building is best known for its iconic clock Tower, the Big Ben.
Piccadilly Circus is one of London’s busiest squares. Always buzzing with activity, the popular plaza is best known for its billboard advertisements and the Eros statue.
The majestic St. Paul’s Cathedral was constructed between 1675 and 1711 by Christopher Wren who designed world’s second largest dome; it was only eclipsed by the St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
The Tower of London was built at the end of the 11th century by William the Conqueror. The fortress houses a famous collection of jewelry including the Imperial State Crown.
One of London’s most popular tourist attractions, Buckingham Palace is the most famous of all the palaces in London. The palace is still used as the official residence of the Queen.