Peter the Great: A Ceasar in Command

by Britney Douglas

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Peter the Great: A Ceasar in Command

Member Since
Feb 2016
Published Books
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Born to a noble family on June 9, 1672 in Moscow, Peter the Great of Russia prevailed as a noble reformer.

Peter is most remembered for modernizing Russia with an iron fist.

 

 

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After a joint rule with his half brother (1666-1696), he obtained full power in 1696.

However, he had to endure the constant threat to his retention of power (i.e. his half-sister).

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Peter realized other European countries surpassed Russia due to being more economically and industrially advanced.

Peter was not religious and held the Church in low regard. He held the Orthodox Church under governmental control. He believed power was earned by those who were competent.

 

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Compared to other countries, Russia suffered from overpopulation. In addition to this, Russia experienced underdevelopment, a factor being due to the Mongols rule cutting Russia off from the Renaissance.

 

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Peter’s desire to compete with Europe on military and commercial terms drove him to exert force over the Russian population.

He believed this could only be done through the use of absolute rule.

Peter became a competent ruler through attending Western Universities where he adapted to western lifestyle and culture.

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Peter also did so successfully by imposing taxes to pay for the army, thus improving Russia’s armed forces and strengthening the country. Increased taxes helped defray the costs of war and pay for the cost of canals and roads.

Other achievements include: His introduction of potatoes (which thrived well in Russian soil); beginning the first Russian newspaper; raising the status of women; and the implement of western fashion for nobles.

He also advanced education for the Russian people by opening the School of Navigation as well as the School for Art and Sciences.

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21 years of war resulted in a seaport in Sweden. Peter created these ports to endorse trade.

In 1703, Peter built cities on Swedish land. Ships sailed down Neva river into the Baltic sea to western Europe.

Army forces of 25k to 100k serfs worked at St Petersburg, and Peter ordered Russian nobles to settle in capital.

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Peter imposed his knowledge over the Russian people using force.

Though absolute rule, Russia progressed, as an example, through the expansion of the country’s metallurgical and mining industry. Such advancements would not have occurred without the absolute rule of Peter the Great.

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Bibliography

“Peter the Great (1672–1725).” Encyclopedia of World Trade: From Ancient Times to the Present. Ed. Cynthia Clark Northrup. London: Routledge, 2013. Credo Reference. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

“Peter I (the Great).” Andromeda Encyclopedic Dictionary of World History. Ed. John Haywood. London: Windmill Books (Andromeda International), 2001. Credo Reference. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

“Peter I, The Great (1672 to 1725).” Chambers Dictionary of World History. Eds. Bruce Lenman and Hilary Marsden. London: Chambers Harrap, 2005. Credo Reference. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

Fuller, Jr., William C. “Peter I (the Great).” The Reader’s Companion to Military History. Eds. Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. Credo Reference. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

“Peter (I) the Great (1672 – 1725).” The Macmillan Encyclopedia. Aylesbury: Market House Books Ltd, 2003. Credo Reference. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

“Peter (I) the Great (1672–1725).” The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide. Abington: Helicon, 2015. Credo Reference. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.

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