Australian indigenous lived in the area before the European settlement in October 1824. They moved about to take advantage of seasonal foods, such as bogong moths. The indigenous Ngunnuwal people are said to be the custodians of the city of Canberra.
The city has been home to the country’s Executive, Judiciary and legislature arms of government for 100 years.
⧫ Canberra is famous for the shopping. Every Sunday, for example, from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. there is the “Old Bus Depot Markets”.
⧫ In Canberra the most popular sport is rugby.
⧫”Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia” is a service for the people who live far to the city’s hospital.
⧫Joshua John Moore was the first European settler in ‘Canberra’ also he gave the name to the city.
⧫Canberra’s nickname is “Garden city” because there are a lot of parks.
In Canberra during the summer the temperature is around 12,6°C – 27°C with little humidity and mild nights.
January is the hottest month and the temperature is around 28°C.
In Autumn the temperatures get to 20°C with mild days and cool nights. The city’s parks and gardens have beautiful colours.
Winter in Canberra is cold between 1°C-12°C.
During Spring there are fresh mornings with average temperatures between 6°C-19°C.
Population: 4 million
Surface: 1705 km²
Climate: Oceanic climate
Official language : English
The Observation Deck – Rialto building of this skyscraper was started of Rialto in October in 1982, and it finished in October in 1986, with inauguration. The architects were Gerard de Preu and Perrott Lyon Mathienson. This building was opened to public only after 8 years, on 20th July in 1994. The skyscraper is 253 m tall. It became an important tourist destination.
Melbourne Exhibition Centre building opened for the first time on 14th February in 1996, today the Melbourne Exhibition Centre hosts big exhibition. It surface is 30.000m2 instead it is a biggest open space in Australia.
Flemington Racecourse is a meeting place and horse racing, and it is mansion of Melbourne Cup, it is a biggest and prestigious australian race horse. The first Melbourne Cup was assigned in 1861, today the racecourse has become wealth of national heritage.
It is celebrated on 26th January and it remembers the First Fleet landed in Sydney Harbour in 1788 when Arthur Phillip took possession of the New South Wales colony.
Grand Prix of Australia
From 1996 Melbourne hosts the Grand Prix of Australia of Formula 1 in the circuit built in Albert Park, a city park. Until 2006, the Grand Prix was the inaugural season race.
In Melbourne there are many sports facilities. The biggest and the most famous is the Melbourne Cricket Ground, its history began in the 1850s, it has 100.000 seats. Here you can see cricket and australian football matches. The Docklands Stadium and the new Melbourne rectangular Stadium are also very popular and important.
Population: 2,04 million
Density: 317,74 pop/km2
Area: 6417.9 km2
Temp.max: 24,6 C°
Temp. min: 12,7 C°
It became state in 1829
Aboriginal people have inhabited the Perth area for 38,000 years
The city of Perth was named by Captain James Stirling in 1829. It started as a colony on the Swan River.
After a referendum in 1900, Western Australia joined the Federation of Australia in 1901. It was the last of the Australian colonies to join the federation, and did so only because the other colonies offered several concessions.
Territory: 12.367 km2
Density: 397.89 population of km2
Time zone: +10
There was the first european settlement in 1788.
The Sydney Mint built between 1811 and 1816.
The Australia Day Regatta in Sydney conducted since 1837.
In 1842 Sydney officially became a city.
In1879 there is the International Exhibition.
In 1932 completions of the Harbour Bridge.
In 1973 completions of the Opera House.
Woolworths Carols is Australia’s largest free Christmas concert since 1892.
Cricket is the most popular summer sport in Sydney and the city will host games in the 2015 Cricket World Cup.
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