Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Apr 2019
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Pyramids of Egypt

by dilfuza

Artwork: Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli

The Great Pyramids of Giza

One of the most fascinating and majestic wonders of the ancient world are the Pyramids of Giza Egypt. Set in the dusty and mystic desert, under the hot Egyptian sun, the whole scenery looks like it jumped out of a storybook from the old, old days. It’s hard to believe that such amazing scenery is only minutes away from a bustling modern city like Cairo! The Pyramids of Giza Egypt is the only wonder from the ancient world that still exists up to this day.

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

Khufu’s Pyramids

Located just outside of the outskirts of Cairo on the esplanade known as the Giza Plateau, the Great Pyramids of Giza is the must-see Ancient Egyptian landmark. Known as Khufu’s Pyramid, it is the greatest pyramid of the complex: a truly overwhelming sight. When gazing at this colossal structure, there’s no way to escape the feeling of being dwarfed…

 

Practical Info

You can take a taxi from the centre of Cairo to reach Giza Pyramids. Once there, you can choose to walk or take a camel ride around the complex. It is possible to go inside the Great Pyramid, but be warned that the spaces are small and the climbs steep and narrow. (You will also need a separate ticket and these are limited to 300 per day.)

 

Did You Know? Each of the Giza Pyramids is dedicated to a different Pharaoh from the Old Kingdom’s Fourth Dynasty. Most theories about how the pyramids were built agree that they were constructed by thousands of workers quarrying huge stone blocks from the Nile then dragging and lifting them into place.

 

Location: Al Haram, Giza, Egypt

Hours: Daily 8am-5pm

Admission: Giza Pyramids complex: E£80; Great Pyramid of  Giza (Khufu): E£200

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

Pyramid of Khafre

Also known as Pyramid Chephren, this tomb was built under the direction of the fourth-dynasty Pharaoh Khafre. Its condition and elevation give it the appearance of the largest of the pyramids, although it is actually several feet shorter than the tallest pyramid of Giza, the towering Great Pyramid. The Valley Temple and Mortuary Temple help make up the Khafre pyramid complex, and the Great Sphinx stands nearby.

 

Practical Info

 The entrance fee is 80 Egyptian pounds, and admission inside Khafre Pyramid costs an additional 100 Egyptian pounds. Taking a taxi is the easiest way to get to Giza from Cairo, but the site is also accessible via metro. Visitors may need to take a taxi from the metro station to the site, depending on station closures.

 

Location: Cairo, Egypt

Hours: Daily 8am-4pm

Admission: Entry to Giza: 80 Egyptian pounds; Entry to Khafre: 100 Egyptian pounds more

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

Pyramid of Meankaure

A magnetic presence in the Egyptian desert, the Pyramid of Menkaure dates back to 2490 B.C. and stands as one of the three famous triangular monoliths comprising the Giza Plateau. At 213 feet in height, this is the smallest of the triad, but its history is no less fascinating.

 

Practical Info

 Taking a taxi is the easiest way to get to Giza from Cairo, and metro is always an option. Visitors may have to take a taxi from a metro station to the pyramids, depending on station closures. The entrance fee to the Giza Pyramids is 80 Egyptian pounds, but entering the Menkaure Pyramid is not allowed.

 

Location: Cairo, Egypt

Hours: Daily 8am-4pm

Admission: 80 Egyptian pounds

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

Pyramid of Djoser

First built some 4,700 years ago as a flat-roofed mastaba, the Pyramid of Djoser was one of the very first pyramids built by the Egyptians. Pharaoh Djoser had the structure built as part of his tomb complex at Saqqara, just outside of Egypt’s then-capital Memphis, and by the end of his reign, the pyramid had been transformed into six stepped layers reaching 203 feet (62 meters) in height.

 

Practical Info

The Pyramid of Djoser is located on the west bank of the Nile, about 18 miles (30 km) south of Cairo and 9.3 miles (15 km) from Giza. If you’re not arriving as part of an organized tour, the complex can be reached by taxi or mini-bus.

 

Did You Know? Despite the king’s burial chamber being hidden among a maze of underground tunnels, the tomb was still plundered by grave robbers. All that remains of Djoser is his mummified left foot.

 

Location: Saqqara, Egypt

Hours: Daily 8am–5pm

Admission: E£60

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

Bent Pyramid

Built by Pharaoh Sneferu, the Bent Pyramid dates from about 2600 BC. It was the first pyramid to have been planned as a true pyramid, as opposed to a step pyramid.

The ancient formal name of the Bent Pyramid was either “The Southern Shining Pyramid” or “Sneferu is Shining in the South,” depending on the translation.

 

The Bent Pyramid gets its nickname from its unusual bent angle – the initial 54° angle changes to 43° halfway up. It most likely occurred because the builders realized the initial angle was too steep and adjusted it to avoid collapse

 

Practical info

Travelling about 50 minutes from Downtown Cairo and 45 minutes from the 3 Pyramids, at Giza you will reach Dahshur and the Bent Pyramid. The journey is a pleasant ride through local farming communities and small villages.

 

Location: Giza Governorate, Egypt

Hours: daily 9am-4pm

Admission: 80 Egyptian pounds

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

More and more Pyramids in Egypt…

 

During the Old and Middle Kingdom periods, the ancient Egyptian built over one hundred pyramid-shaped masonry structures. As of November 2008, sources cite either 118 or 138 as the number of identified Egyptian pyramids. Most were built as tombs for the country’s Pharaohs and their consorts.

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Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com
Pyramids of Egypt by dilfuza - Illustrated by Halime Kalaycı, Elif Telli - Ourboox.com

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